# Iterative Binary Search Function
# It returns location of x in given array arr if present,
# else returns -1
def binarySearch(arr, l, r, x):
while l <= r:
mid = l + (r - l)/2;
# Check if x is present at mid
if arr[mid] == x:
return mid
# If x is greater, ignore left half
elif arr[mid] < x:
l = mid + 1
# If x is smaller, ignore right half
else:
r = mid - 1
# If we reach here, then the element was not present
return -1
# Test array
arr = [ 2, 3, 4, 10, 40 ]
x = 10
# Function call
result = binarySearch(arr, 0, len(arr)-1, x)
if result != -1:
print "Element is present at index %d" % result
else:
print "Element is not present in array"